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Practice good hand hygiene.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that up to 16 percent of respiratory infections and the vast majority of foodborne illnesses can be prevented by the simple act of washing hands with soap and water.
When washing your hands, be sure to lather well and rub your hands together for a good 20 seconds, getting in all the cracks and crevices, such as between your fingers and under your fingernails. Then rinse well and dry your hands using an air dryer or a clean towel or paper towel.
If possible, use a paper towel to shut off the water faucet and to open the bathroom door, particularly if you’re in a public restroom, because these surfaces have been found to be among the most contaminated with germs.
Get plenty of sleep.
Studies are increasingly showing that sleep can affect both mental and physical health, with inadequate sleep increasing the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and impairing everything from memory to immune function. Some evidence suggests that lack of sleep can make you more likely to catch a cold, flu, and other viruses.
There is also evidence that once an infection is present, sleep levels can affect your body’s ability to fight that infection. So, as you can see, sleep is very important.